пятница, 3 июня 2011 г.

Nobel Prize!!!

It's that time of year again! With the exception of some war years, the Nobel Prize has been awarded each year since 1901 for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology/medicine, literature, and peace. In addition to a ton of prestige, the prize includes a diploma, medal, and cash award.

The 2007 Nobel Prize in Medicine is split between Mario R. Capecchi (USA), Sir Martin J. Evans (UK), and Oliver Smithies (USA) "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells". Their research in mice led to the development of gene targeting, which is used to inactivate single genes. Turning the genes off allows for a better understanding of what they do. Thousands of mouse genes have been studied in this manner, allowing for a much better grasp of gene function in mammals.

The Nobel Prizes in Physics and in Chemistry will be announced later this week.